This guide is a basic introduction to chess strategies. After you know the individual chess pieces; you’ll need to learn how to outmaneuver your opponent. In order to win the game, you must come up with a chess strategy.

Beginning with your first move, it’s quite easy to make a mistake. But the only time that a mistake doesn’t matter is when you can counter it with an aggressive move. Your beginning mistakes are different than those employ as a middle game strategy; because mistakes there can leave your King vulnerable.

Introduction To Chess Strategies For Beginners

The pawns are your natural line of protection. They sit on the front row in alignment (horizontal rank) facing pawns of the opposite color. Developing a chess strategy means weakening the structure of protection around your opponent’s King. The object is to attack the opponent’s defenses; which is how you begin to implement your chess strategy. The pawn works by making moves in stages. The stages are essentially attack and counterattack. You attack with one move, while your opponent counterattacks with an opposing move. The trick to developing a winning chess strategy is learning to anticipate what move your opponent has planned to counter your previous one.

After learning about the chess pieces, the moves and the rules; you next need an overall strategy and one to counteract each move made. Sometimes it’s tough to avoid having your opponent recapture another piece after you capture one of theirs. But, such is the games of chess. Chess strategies are the method of blocking your opponent from tricking you into leaving your King open to capture.

Control The Center

Given that your opponent is trying to surprise you into a move you didn’t consider making; you must think about any blocks before you take your move. The best laid strategy in chess play is to control the center of the board. In your opening moves, concentrate on the four squares in the middle. These are central to the so-called, “active” pieces; because once your opponent crosses over the center, they’re closer to capturing your King.

Therefore, your game winning strategy from the first move should be aimed at gaining mobility, by controlling the center squares. You can then cut off your opponent’s positioning, it doesn’t matter if they move left or right.

Let’s construct an example of this chess strategy using only the Knight pieces and the Kings. If the white knight is position in the center of the board, if can move eight squares (four to the left and four to the right). In the same game as our example, we will position the black Knight in the far right corner position. While the white Knight can roam freely, the black Knight is limited to a choice of two moves. Additionally, the white King is placed in the center where he can make eight attack moves, including capturing the black Knight. The white King is trapped in the far left corner position, where he’s limited to three squares.

The example makes it easy to see how controlling the center of the board gives you mobility to press and hold your opponent into limited positioning.

Opening Tactics For Beginners

Bobby Fischer, known as the “American Chess Master,” believed in an opening strategy that is referred to as the “King’s Pawn Game.” The King’s Pawn Game is also noted as the 1.e4; Fischer said that it’s, “best by test.” In other words, each player must use an opening tactic that’s been tested by using it.

One of the best chess strategy principles ever discussed is 1.e4. It involves controlling the center squares with key positioning of one pawn. For this example, the white pawn is used. The white pawn is placed in the center square, in this position, both the white Queen and Bishop can move freely. The center square is considered an “imposed” position. No matter where the opponent moves the black chess pieces, the pawn dominates the center and the Queen can provide protection from attack.

Even if the opponent makes a good move, the positioning of the pawn in the center dominates the two squares in the middle of the board. The white Knight can counter any move and safely enclose the King. Even if the opponent (black) makes a move to the center, the pawn is still flanked by protection. Moves by the opponent pieces are limited, because the white pawn has placed the white Bishop in attack position. The Bishop can move freely in the diagonals and if attacked the Rook can move into the center, thus positioning the King safely in the corner.


The best chess strategy for beginners is to control the center of the board. Of course, more than likely your opponent is going to have the same thing in mind. But, usually the first one to the center is the one who wins the game. Strategic moves prevents your opponent from planning a counterattack and also prevents them from re-capturing a piece in return, right after you’ve captured one of theirs.

Keep these five things in mind:

Opening moves, pawn to center square pathways (left and right)
Think about the best opening moves to aid in attacking the center
Use pawns to flank the King; position the King away from the center
Only use one or two pawns in the opening moves
Develop a chess initiative, which threatens your opponent, limiting their movement

Beginners should stick with basic chess strategies. Learn the principles behind the moves to master the moves. Keep the King blocked by pawns left and right (wing pawns) for as long as possible. Stay focus and mentally plan a counterattack before you opponent can attack.

The only strategy worth noting is control the center to keep the King safe. In the opening moves, only advance the same 1-2 pawns. Always remember “castling” is the best way to protect the King from capture. Controlling the center, opens the board for the other pieces to move freely. Not only that but it limits your opponent to two squares. Whereas, the player who controls the middle has eight squares to advance.

Advance the pawns with movement, you shouldn’t plan to attack your opponent’s King with them. Remember protect the King, without restricting movement. Don’t advance a pawn too quickly; remember pawns are the front line of defense.